The natural habitats of this small to medium-sized tree include deciduous woodland and hedges on fertile soils, but it is widely planted as an ornamental or fruit tree in parks and gardens. It spreads by fruit and suckers. 0-400 m (N. of Garrigill, Cumberland).
A shrub or small tree of roadsides, hedges, woods and copses and ornamental plantings. It rarely if ever suckers, and only occasionally sets fruit. Lowland.
A shrub or small tree of hedgerows, copses and wood-borders. It spreads by fruit or suckers, and can sometimes form dense thickets. Lowland.
A shrub or tree, naturalised in hedges, wood-borders, scrub and waste places. Lowland.
A shrub or small tree of hedgerows, scrub and railway embankments. The hybrid is fertile, and can spread vigorously by suckers. Lowland.
A deciduous tree which is widely planted in streets and parks, and arises as a garden escape on rubbish tips and waste ground. It also occurs as a relic of cultivation. Lowland.
A deciduous shrub or small tree which arises as a garden escape in woodland. It reproduces by seed, which is often bird-sown. Lowland.
A glossy-leaved evergreen shrub or small tree, naturalised in woods and scrub, and sometimes self-sown. Layering can occur when the branches of old trees lie on the ground. Lowland.
An evergreen shrub, frequently planted in parks and gardens, and now well-established in woods, scrub and on waste ground. It is frequently self-sown. Lowland.
A deciduous shrub or small tree planted in gardens and hedgerows and well naturalised in woodland, rough grassland and by railways. It reproduces by seed, which is often bird-sown. Lowland.