Bellis perennis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeBellisBellis perennis


A rosette-forming, winter-green, shortly stoloniferous perennial which grows in mown or heavily grazed or trampled grassland. It occurs in practically all types of neutral and calcareous grassland but it does best in those that are relatively wet for at least part of the year. It is most familiar as a weed of lawns and recreational areas, roadside verges and pastures, but more natural habitats include stream banks, lake margins, dune-slacks and the margins of upland flushes. 0-915 m (Caenlochan, Angus).



World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1105

Height (cm): 8

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Comment on Clonality

"regenerates by means of stolons to form patches (CPE); these are subterranean (MOH, personal observation)"

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2797

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 984

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.89

Weighted Changed Factor: -36

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations