Eriophorum vaginatum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCyperaceaeEriophorumEriophorum vaginatum


A tussock-forming rhizomatous perennial herb of wet heaths and mires, including blanket- and raised bogs. It is characteristic of wet peaty moorlands, often dominant or co-dominant with Calluna vulgaris, where it survives, or even increases, after burning. Its sites are always open and almost always acidic. 0-945 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreo-arctic Montane element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats


Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 2

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 1

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 13.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1307

Height (cm): 50

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Tussock-forming graminoid, may slowly spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1516

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 560

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.36

Weighted Changed Factor: 8

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (347b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Wein RW
1973.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 132. Eriophorum vaginatum L. Journal of Ecology. 61:601-615.