A deciduous tree, native in woodland, scrub and old hedgerows on a wide range of moist, usually base-rich, soils. It is also widespread as a planted tree in amenity areas, on farmland, along roads and in hedgerows and coppice. It fruits erratically, sometimes producing only male flowers following a year of prolific fruiting. 0-380 m (Llanthony, Brecon).
Since the 1962 Atlas there have been many more records of A. campestre from S.W. England and S. Wales. It has also been very extensively planted both within and beyond its native range, and these introductions tend to blur the boundary of its native range.
European Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 5
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.7
Annual Precipitation (mm): 839
Height (cm): 1500
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1389
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0
Atlas Change Index: 0.35
Weighted Changed Factor: 20
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1945. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 13. Acer L. genus (pp. 215-219), Acer pseudo-platanus L. (pp. 220-237), Acer platanoides L. (p. 238), Acer campestre L. (pp. 239-252). Journal of Ecology. 32:215-252.
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
1980. Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.