Agrostemma githago

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCaryophyllaceaeAgrostemmaAgrostemma githago


An annual weed of cereal and other arable crops, tolerant of various soil types, with its distribution largely mirroring that of the crops in which it grew. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native range uncertain, perhaps the E. Mediterranean region; spread with cultivation throughout temperate and S. Europe and to many other areas.

Broad Habitats

Arable and horticultural (includes orchards, excludes domestic gardens)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 852

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 815

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 96

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 5

Atlas Change Index: -0.75

Plantatt Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (65c)
Curtis TGF, McGough HN
1988.  The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants.
Firbank LG
1988.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 165. Agrostemma githago L. Journal of Ecology. 76:1232-1246.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1986)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.