A rhizomatous perennial, found in woodland, on streamsides, under Pteridium, on hedge banks, in heathy grassland, on open moorland, in scree and on limestone pavement. It has a wide pH tolerance, but in woodlands it is most abundant where the vigour of more competitive species is reduced by acidity, waterlogging or regular coppicing. 0-1190 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).
The distribution of A. nemorosa is stable at the 10-km square scale. Double-flowered cultivars and various colour forms are widely cultivated and occasionally escape into the wild, although not all native populations are white-flowered.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 5
Moisture (Ellenberg): 6
Reaction (Ellenberg): 5
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.3
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1113
Height (cm): 23
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2305
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 541
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3
Atlas Change Index: -0.7
Weighted Changed Factor: -19
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1989)
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
1980. Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.
1985. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 158. Anemone nemorosa L. Journal of Ecology. 73:1005-1020.