Anemone nemorosa

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRanunculaceaeAnemoneAnemone nemorosa


A rhizomatous perennial, found in woodland, on streamsides, under Pteridium, on hedge banks, in heathy grassland, on open moorland, in scree and on limestone pavement. It has a wide pH tolerance, but in woodlands it is most abundant where the vigour of more competitive species is reduced by acidity, waterlogging or regular coppicing. 0-1190 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1113

Height (cm): 23

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2305

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 541

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: -0.7

Weighted Changed Factor: -19

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (19b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1989)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Rackham O
1980.  Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.
Shirreffs DA
1985.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 158. Anemone nemorosa L. Journal of Ecology. 73:1005-1020.