Centaurium pulchellum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaGentianaceaeCentauriumCentaurium pulchellum


An erect annual of mildly acidic to calcareous soils. Inland it is found in dry, open grasslands and heaths, in woodland rides, marl pits and other open, disturbed ground. On the coast it is a plant of open sandy and muddy grassy places, often by estuaries, sand dunes and in upper saltmarsh. Lowland.



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Littoral sediment (includes saltmarsh and saltmarsh pools)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 841

Height (cm): 20

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 457

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 17

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Atlas Change Index: 0.1

Weighted Changed Factor: 5

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (207b)
Curtis TGF, McGough HN
1988.  The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.