Centranthus ruber

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaValerianaceaeCentranthusCentranthus ruber

Ecology

A perennial herb thoroughly naturalised on sea-cliffs, limestone rock outcrops and pavements, rocky waste ground, in quarries, on railway banks, on old walls and buildings, and in other well-drained, disturbed and open habitats. Lowland.

Status

Neophyte

World Distribution

Native of S.W. Europe and the Mediterranean region; widely naturalised further north in W. & C. Europe.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 896

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Chamaephyte

Life Form - secondary

Hemicryptophyte

Comment on Life Form

genuinely intermediate

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1361

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 357

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 1.15

Weighted Changed Factor: 62

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

14

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004346

Atlas text references

References: Atlas (268c)
de Bolòs O, Vigo J
1995.  Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes.