An annual, usually occurring as a casual on rubbish tips or disturbed ground, mostly from bird-seed and culinary sources; also established in a few places, such as on roadsides in N.W. Essex. Lowland.
C. sativum was grown in Britain by 995 (Harvey, 1981). Although increasingly cultivated as a culinary herb, its distribution in the wild is limited by the fact that young plants are very frost-tender. It was first recorded from the wild in 1793.
Apparently native of N. Africa and W. Asia; widely naturalised in S. Europe and elsewhere.
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