Filipendula ulmaria

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeFilipendulaFilipendula ulmaria


A perennial herb of damp or wet habitats, on moderately fertile, neutral or calcareous substrates; it is characteristic of sites where water levels fluctuate and is absent from permanently waterlogged ground. Typical habitats include wet woodland, damp meadows, swamps and tall-herb fens, damp roadsides, ditches and railway banks, and montane tall-herb communities. It also occasionally grows in somewhat drier conditions, such as N.-facing chalk grassland. It is intolerant of grazing and rarely flowers in shade. 0-880 m (Breadalbanes, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1105

Height (cm): 120

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2692

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 967

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: -0.1

Weighted Changed Factor: -1

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (119a)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Grose D
1957.  The Flora of Wiltshire.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.