Geranium molle

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaGeraniaceaeGeraniumGeranium molle


An annual found in a wide array of open habitats, including dry grasslands, rock outcrops, cultivated land, garden lawns, verges and waste ground. Generally lowland, but reaching 550 m at Moor House (Westmorland).



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1026

Height (cm): 40

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2385

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 640

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.46

Weighted Changed Factor: -7

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (93b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.