Humulus lupulus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCannabaceaeHumulusHumulus lupulus


A scrambling, perennial, dioecious climber which is probably native in moist, open woods, fen carr and hedges. It is frequent as an escape from cultivation or as a planted ornamental. Lowland.



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element; also in E. Asia and N. America and widely naturalised outside its native range.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 8

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 833

Height (cm): 450

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1273

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Atlas Change Index: -0.09

Weighted Changed Factor: 10

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (182d)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Vaughan JG, Geissler CA
1997.  The new Oxford Book of Food Plants.