A perennial herb found in many grassy habitats, especially meadows and pastures which are cut or moderately grazed, preferring well-drained, neutral to base-rich soils; also on coastal cliffs, stabilised dunes, waste ground, by railways and newly sown roadsides. It can quickly colonise open ground. 0-845 m (Great Dun Fell, Westmorland).
Throughout much of its range this species has been spread by human activities, sometimes being sown in grass mixtures. However, the map suggests a decline in Scotland, presumably in semi-natural habitats.
Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.
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Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1074
Height (cm): 75
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Comment on Clonality
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2532
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 916
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 13
Atlas Change Index: -1.14
Weighted Changed Factor: 6
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1968. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 110. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. Journal of Ecology. 56:585-595.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.