Leucojum aestivum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLiliaceaeLeucojumLeucojum aestivum


A bulbous perennial herb, occurring as a native mostly in winter-flooded riverside Alnus or Salix carr, but occasionally found in other damp habitats such as meadows and woodland rides. It also occurs as a garden escape near habitation and on rubbish tips. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 9

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 8

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 811

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Bulbous geophyte



Clonality - primary

Tuberous or bulbous, slowing cloning by offsets

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 26

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 14

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 2.42

JNCC Designations


External Species Accounts

Atlas text references

Atlas (327d) Farrell L
1979.  The distribution of Leucojum aestivum L. in the British Isles. Watsonia. 12:325-332. Gillam B
1993.  The Wiltshire Flora. Wigginton MJ
1999.  British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3.