A deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub found as a native in hedgerows, woodland and scrub, preferring well-drained, calcareous or base-rich soils. It is also often planted, particularly in hedges and woodland, and occurs as a garden escape and a relic of cultivation. 0-490 m (Craig y Cilau, Brecs.).
There has been no significant change in the native range of L. vulgare since the 1962 Atlas, although alien records are mapped here for the first time. It can be difficult to decide if some populations are alien or native; in Ireland it is mapped as alien but may be native at some coastal sites. Some records may be errors for L. ovalifolium.
European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
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