This perennial herb is found in open grassy places, on stony and waste ground, hedge banks, road verges, railway embankments and cultivated land, especially on calcareous soils. It reproduces by seed and also spreads by creeping rhizomes. 0-360 m near Alston (Cumberland).
The overall range of L. vulgaris is stable, although there have been local losses in the north of its British range and in some areas of Ireland. It was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas.
Eurasian Boreo-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 8
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2
Annual Precipitation (mm): 935
Height (cm): 80
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Comment on Clonality
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1967
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 81
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11
Atlas Change Index: -0.8
Weighted Changed Factor: -17
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
1995. The biology of Canadian weeds. 105. Linaria vulgaris Mill. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 75:525-537.