Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaBoraginaceaeLithospermumLithospermum purpureocaeruleum


A perennial herb with creeping woody stems occurring in chalk and limestone districts in two distinct habitats. Inland, it grows in woodland edges and rides, and on lanesides and banks in partial shade. On the coast, it is found amongst naturally dwarfed, open scrub on slumped cliffs, slopes and crags. It spreads by seed and from the stems rooting at nodes. It also occurs as a garden escape on roadsides and waste ground. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.3

Annual Precipitation (mm): 941

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

The buds for next year's growth are below 25 cm.



Clonality - primary

Tip rooting (the stems often turn downwards)

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 25

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.33

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (215d)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Wigginton MJ
1999.  British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3.