An evergreen shrub which spreads rapidly by stolons and can become well established in hedgerows, road verges and woodland. Lowland.
M. aquifolium was introduced in 1823. It is commonly cultivated, and frequently planted in some areas for game-cover. It was known from the wild by 1874. It has increased since the 1962 Atlas, probably due to widespread planting and escapes from gardens.
Native of western N. America; widely naturalised in W. &. C. Europe.
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