Malva sylvestris

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaMalvaceaeMalvaMalva sylvestris

Ecology

A drought-tolerant perennial herb of well-drained, often nutrient-enriched soils in unshaded situations, found on roadsides, railway banks, waste ground and field-borders, often near settlements, around farms and in the shelter of walls, occasionally on sea-cliffs. It reproduces freely from seed. Lowland.

Status

Archaeophyte

World Distribution

As an archaeophyte M. sylvestris has a Eurosiberian Southern-temperate distribution, but it is widely naturalised so that its distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.3

Annual Precipitation (mm): 899

Height (cm): 150

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1788

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 354

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.3

Weighted Changed Factor: 31

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

10

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003131