Medicago arabica

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaFabaceaeMedicagoMedicago arabica


A winter-annual of grassy places, often on light, sandy and gravelly soils, particularly near the coast. It grows as a weed in lawns and frequently occurred as a casual in fields manured with wool shoddy. It is able to persist as small plants in mown lawns, and can grow as very robust plants in nutrient-rich habitats. Lowland.



World Distribution

Submediterranean-Subatlantic element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© Shannon, P

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 781

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 744

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.69

Weighted Changed Factor: 27

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (103c)
de Bolòs O, Vigo J
1984.  Flora dels Països Catalans, I. Introducció. Licopodiàcies-Capparàcies.
Killick J, Perry R, Woodell S
1998.  The Flora of Oxfordshire.