Moneses uniflora

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPyrolaceaeMonesesMoneses uniflora

Ecology

A mycorrhizal, evergreen perennial herb, spreading by rhizomes within leaf litter and bryophytes in ericaceous dwarf shrub communities of old pine plantations, rarely now in native Pinus sylvestris forests. The solitary flower is insect-pollinated, but recruitment from seed is rare and most propagation is vegetative. Lowland, reaching 300 m (Castle Grant, Moray).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreal-montane element.

Broad Habitats

Coniferous woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 4

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 1

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 13

Annual Precipitation (mm): 985

Height (cm): 4

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Comment on Life Form

It seems best to classify it as a wintergreen hemicryptophyte; the basic structure is a basal rosette

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 27

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.14

Plantatt Conservation Status

Vulnerable

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000460757