Orobanche caryophyllacea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOrobanchaceaeOrobancheOrobanche caryophyllacea


A root parasite mainly of Galium mollugo and G. verum, probably perennial and sometimes long-lived. It occurs in stabilised dune grassland, and in scrub and hedge banks on chalk downs and undercliffs. Most populations are small, but some of those on dunes are of a considerable size. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Temperate element, with a continental distribution in W. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral rock (does not include maritime grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 9

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 782

Height (cm): 40

Perennation - primary


Perennation - secondary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Life Form - secondary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 5

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.01

Plantatt Conservation Status


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (237b)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Rumsey FJ, Jury SL
1991.  An account of Orobanche L. in Britain and Ireland. Watsonia. 18:257-295.
Wigginton MJ
1999.  British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3.