Papaver dubium

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPapaveraceaePapaverPapaver dubium

Ecology

An annual found principally in arable fields, where it can occur on both light and heavy calcareous soils. It is also found on waste ground by roadsides and railways, and in gardens. The seed is very long-lived. Lowland, but with one record at 425 m in Atholl (E. Perth).

Status

Archaeophyte

World Distribution

As an archaeophyte P. dubium has a Eurosiberian Southern-temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 910

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary

Annual

Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1875

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 402

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 13

Atlas Change Index: 0.23

Weighted Changed Factor: 24

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

20

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000014001