Phyteuma spicatum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCampanulaceaePhyteumaPhyteuma spicatum

Ecology

A long-lived perennial herb of damp, fertile, acid soils on road verges, streamsides and in coppiced woodland. Reproduction is by seed, which is long-lived, but recruitment at some sites is negligible. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 826

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 8

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.73

Plantatt Conservation Status

Vulnerable

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004296