Plantago coronopus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPlantaginaceaePlantagoPlantago coronopus


A perennial herb of dry, open, often heavily trampled, habitats on acidic to basic stony or sandy soils, and rock crevices. It occurs in open grassland, on heaths, sand dunes and shingle, sea-cliffs and sea-walls, waste ground and by paths. Always known inland in S. and E. England, plants increasingly occur beside salt-treated roads. 0-340 m (Chagford, S. Devon).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 2

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1065

Height (cm): 6

Perennation - primary

Biennial, including monocarpic perennials

Perennation - secondary


Life Form - primary


Comment on Life Form

"CTW treat it as mainly biennial, but Stace says also annual or perennial"



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1445

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 303

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.16

Weighted Changed Factor: 22

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (255a)
Dodds JG
1953.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 38. Plantago coronopus L. Journal of Ecology. 41:467-478.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.