A perennial herb, found in a wide range of habitats over all but the most acidic soils. It occurs in meadows and pastures, in upland grasslands, on rock ledges and crevices, sand dunes and cliffs (including sites subject to sea-spray), on roadsides and river banks, in cultivated and waste ground, in lawns and on walls. Seed is moderately long-lived. 0-790 m in Atholl (E. Perth), and 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).
There has been no change in the distribution of this species since the 1962 Atlas. It is genetically and phenotypically variable.
Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1105
Height (cm): 15
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Comment on Clonality
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2804
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 985
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14
Atlas Change Index: 1.35
Weighted Changed Factor: -75
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1980. The biology of Canadian weeds. 47. Plantago lanceolata L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 60:1269-1282.
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
1964. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 95. Plantago major L. (pp. 189-205), Plantago media L. (pp. 205-210), Plantago lanceolata L. (pp. 211-218). Journal of Ecology. 52:189-221.