Ranunculus flammula

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRanunculaceaeRanunculusRanunculus flammula


A perennial herb of wet habitats, particularly those with seasonal water level fluctuations. It is found in springs and flushes, around ponds, on lake shores, streamsides, in dune-slacks, marshes, water-meadows, flood pastures, bogs and in ditches and track ruts. It usually grows in oligotrophic or mesotrophic water over neutral to acid substrates. 0-930 m (Carnedd Llewelyn, Caerns.).



World Distribution

European Temperate element.

© Shannon, P

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 9

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1122

Height (cm): 50

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary

Perennial hydrophyte (perennial water plant)



Clonality - primary

Shortly creeping and rooting at nodes

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2651

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 938

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: -0.6

Weighted Changed Factor: -23

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (22a)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1989)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Preston CD, Croft JM
1997.  Aquatic plants in Britain and Ireland.