Ranunculus repens

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRanunculaceaeRanunculusRanunculus repens


A perennial herb with creeping stems, R. repens has a very wide ecological tolerance, but is most typical of disturbed habitats on damp or wet nutrient-rich soils, including woodland rides, ditch sides, farm gateways, gardens and waste ground. It also occurs in damp or periodically flooded grasslands, in dune-slacks and on lake shores. It is absent from very acidic soils. Generally lowland, but reaching 1035 m on Snowdon (Caerns.).



World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1105

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Far-creeping by stolons in illuminated medium

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2784

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 983

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.55

Weighted Changed Factor: -51

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (20b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Harper JL
1957.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 61. Ranunculus acris L. (pp. 289-314), Ranunculus repens L. (pp. 314-325), Ranunculus bulbosus L. (pp. 325-342). Journal of Ecology. 45:289-342.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1989)
Lovett-Doust J, Lovett-Doust L, Groth AT
1990.  The biology of Canadian weeds. 95. Ranunculus repens L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 70:1123-1141.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.