A spiny, much-branched shrub, found as a garden escape and throw-out in deciduous woodland, hedges and scrub. It also occurs as a relic of cultivation. It is readily dispersed by birds. 0-380 m at Ingleborough (Mid-W. Yorks.).
R. uva-crispa has been grown in British gardens since the 13th century but was not recorded in the wild until 1763 (Cambs.). Its distribution has increased since the 1962 Atlas, probably due to continued escape of plants from gardens.
European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 5
Moisture (Ellenberg): 5
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1006
Height (cm): 100
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2130
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 312
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4
Atlas Change Index: 0.72
Weighted Changed Factor: 3
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1999)
1996. Flora Britannica.
1985. Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.