Salicornia europaea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaChenopodiaceaeSalicorniaSalicornia europaea


An annual found at all levels of sandy or muddy saltmarshes, in saltmarsh-sand dune transitions and wet, tidally inundated dune-slacks; also, more rarely, in relict saltmarsh and other open saline areas behind sea-walls. Halliday (1997) notes that in Cumbria S. europaea is probably the only Salicornia species able to persist on grazed marshes. Lowland.



World Distribution

Circumpolar Wide-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Littoral sediment (includes saltmarsh and saltmarsh pools)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 9

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1038

Height (cm): 35

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 241

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 77

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Ball PW, Tutin TG
1959.  Notes on annual species of Salicornia in Britain. Watsonia. 4:193-205.
Dalby K
1989.  An experts approach to the Salicornia problem. BSBI News. 53:9-10.
Ingrouille M
1989.  A non-expert’s approach to the Salicornia problem. BSBI News. 53:11-12.
Rich TCG, Jermy AC
1998.  Plant crib 1998.