Salix repens

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSalicaceaeSalixSalix repens


A variable shrub growing in a range of habitats. The prostrate var. argentea and var. repens are typically found on fixed dunes and especially dune-slacks, in maritime heaths and heathy grassland and on inland heaths and moorland. The erect var. fusca is found in fens. The species becomes more confined to moist or wet habitats in the south and east of its range. 0-855 m (Atholl, E. Perth).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1205

Height (cm): 150

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1624

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 459

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: -0.42

Weighted Changed Factor: -9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (190c)
Bean WJ
1980.  Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, IV. Ri-Z.
Fowler N, Zasada J, Harper JL
1983.  Genetic components of morphological variation in Salix repens. New Phytologist. 95:121-131.
Howitt RCL, Howitt BM
1990.  Willows. A Guide to Some Difficult Plants. :28-40.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Meikle RD
1984.  Willows and poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 4.