Salix viminalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSalicaceaeSalixSalix viminalis


An erect shrub or small tree, frequently coppiced and pollarded, which grows in damp places, by streams and ponds, in marshes, fens, osier-beds and landscaped areas. 0-410 m (E. Allendale, S. Northumb.).



World Distribution

As an archaeophyte S. viminalis has a Eurasian Temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

© Shannon, P

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1030

Height (cm): 600

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2194

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 780

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: 0.61

Weighted Changed Factor: 29

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (189a)
Bean WJ
1980.  Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, IV. Ri-Z.
Howitt RCL, Howitt BM
1990.  Willows. A Guide to Some Difficult Plants. :28-40.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Meikle RD
1984.  Willows and poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 4.