A perennial herb of grassland and disturbed habitats, including hay meadows and pastures, chalk and limestone downland, field-borders, railway banks, roadsides, waste places, shingle banks and fixed sand dunes; it is usually found on neutral or calcareous soils, especially clays that are wet in winter but baked dry in summer. Lowland.
The distribution of S. erucifolius shows little change since the 1962 Atlas, but it may have declined locally, particularly in the English Midlands and at the northern edges of its range.
Eurosiberian Temperate element; also in E. Asia.
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