Solidago virgaurea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeSolidagoSolidago virgaurea


A perennial herb of free-draining, usually acidic (occasionally basic) substrates in a wide range of habitats. In the lowlands these include woods, hedge banks, heaths, banks and coastal cliff-tops; in the uplands, cliff ledges, rocks by waterfalls, rocky streamsides, tall-herb communities in gullies, montane grass-heath and fell-field. 0-1095 m (Ben Dearg, E. Ross).



World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 4

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1217

Height (cm): 70

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2043

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 492

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 5

Atlas Change Index: -0.89

Weighted Changed Factor: -20

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (280a)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Halliday G
1997.  A Flora of Cumbria.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.