Stachys sylvatica

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeStachysStachys sylvatica


A rhizomatous perennial of woods, hedgerows, the banks of rivers and streams, rough grassland and waste places, and, locally, a persistent garden weed. It characteristically grows in moist, fertile, mildly acidic to basic soils in disturbed or lightly to moderately shaded sites. It spreads by vigorous rhizomatous extension, and reproduces by seed and by rhizome fragments. 0-500 m (above Malham, Mid-W. Yorks.), with an exceptional record at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 8

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1064

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2462

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 806

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: -0.49

Weighted Changed Factor: -15

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (247d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.