A perennial herb, growing in a wide range of moist to moderately free-draining habitats, and favouring mildly acidic soils. It occurs in woodland rides, in heathland and grassland and in mires, and in the uplands on cliff ledges and in ravines. 0-970 m (Carnedd Dafydd, Caerns.).
S. pratensis was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. A widespread decline in S. and E. England has taken place, and analysis of the database reveals that most losses have occurred since 1950. These losses are largely attributable to the improvement of grassland and heaths.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 7
Reaction (Ellenberg): 5
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1124
Height (cm): 100
Perennation - primary
Life Form - primary
Clonality - primary
Clonality - secondary
Comment on Clonality
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2633
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 934
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 2
Atlas Change Index: -0.57
Weighted Changed Factor: -10
Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)
Atlas text references
1955. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 52. Succisa pratensis Moench. Journal of Ecology. 43:709-718.
Grime et al
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.