Ulmus procera

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaUlmaceaeUlmusUlmus procera

Ecology

A large wide-topped tree, often considered a definitive component of the English countryside, found in hedgerows and field-borders, rarely in woodland but sometimes forming small copses. It prefers the deep and moist soils of major river systems. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 819

Height (cm): 3300

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1317

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.48

Weighted Changed Factor: -18

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

16

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003812

Atlas text references

Atlas (183b)
Richens RH
1983.  Elm.