Veronica filiformis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaScrophulariaceaeVeronicaVeronica filiformis

Ecology

A perennial herb of lawns and churchyards, and also found on roadsides, paths, grassy banks and streamsides. It is self-incompatible, rarely setting seed in our area but often spreads from fragments after mowing. Generally lowland, but reaching 450 m at Nenthead (Cumberland).

Status

Neophyte

World Distribution

Native of N. Turkey and the Caucasus.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 990

Height (cm): 5

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Life Form - secondary

Chamaephyte

Comment on Life Form

intermediate; when not completely prostrate a chamaephyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Extensively creeping and rooting at nodes

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2013

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 397

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 9

Atlas Change Index: 2.69

Weighted Changed Factor: 4

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

21

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000464816

Atlas text references

Atlas (232d)
Bangerter & Kent (1957
1962
1965)
Harris GR, Lovell PH
1980.  Localised spread of Veronica filiformis, V. agrestis and V. persica. Journal of Applied Ecology. 17:815-826.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.