Veronica hederifolia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaScrophulariaceaeVeronicaVeronica hederifolia


An annual of cultivated and waste ground, woodland rides, hedge banks, walls, banks and gardens, found on sandy, loam or clay soils. V. hederifolia seeds freely, with germination in spring or autumn. 0-380 m (Malham Moor, Mid-W. Yorks.).



World Distribution

As an archaeophyte V. hederifolia has a European Southern-temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 918

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1944

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 346

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.57

Weighted Changed Factor: 23

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (231d)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Salisbury EJ
1964.  Weeds & Aliens, edn 2.