Viburnum opulus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCaprifoliaceaeViburnumViburnum opulus


This deciduous shrub of neutral or calcareous soils is found in woodland, scrub and hedgerows, in fen carr and Alnus and Salix thickets, and on stream banks, favouring damp places, but also found in dry habitats. It is planted in parks and gardens and plants which spread from these sites to the wild sometimes include yellow-fruited cultivars (Lousley, 1976a). 0-400 m (south of Garrigill, Cumberland).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1019

Height (cm): 400

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1854

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 565

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1

Atlas Change Index: -0.15

Weighted Changed Factor: 30

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations