Viscum album

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaViscaceaeViscumViscum album


A hemiparasite on a wide range of trees in orchards, hedgerows, parklands and gardens, but rarely in dense or primary woodlands. Its most frequent hosts are Malus spp., followed by Tilia x europaea, Crataegus spp. (its commonest native hosts), Populus spp., Acer spp., Salix spp. and Robinia pseudoacacia. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Temperate element; also in C. and E. Asia.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 788

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

dwarf shrub



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 923

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 6

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Atlas Change Index: 0.97

Weighted Changed Factor: 41

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (152a)
Briggs J
1999.  Kissing Goodbye to Mistletoe.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Perring FH
1973.  Mistletoe. Plants wild and cultivated. :139-145.