Vulpia bromoides

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaeVulpiaVulpia bromoides


An annual of open grasslands, heaths, cliff-tops and sand dunes. It also grows in artificial habitats such as quarries, wall-tops, by railways and on waste ground in built-up areas. It was a frequent introduction from wool shoddy. V. bromoides favours well-drained soils, often growing abundantly on drought-prone S.-facing banks and slopes, but appears to be indifferent to soil pH. 0-490 m (Fanna Hill, Roxburghs.).



World Distribution

Submediterranean-Subatlantic element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1006

Height (cm): 37

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1777

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 513

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: 0.18

Weighted Changed Factor: 32

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations