Abies alba

Tracheophyta PinopsidaPinaceaeAbiesAbies alba


An evergreen tree of estate woodlands and plantations, less commonly found in towns. It regenerates freely from self-sown seed in mixed woodland on fertile soils, and saplings develop even under a woodland canopy. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native to the mountains of C. & S. Europe.

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Jalas & Suominen (1973)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Mitchell AF
1972.  Conifers in the British Isles. A descriptive handbook.