Anthemis cotula

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeAnthemisAnthemis cotula


A foetid annual of cereals and other arable crops. In some areas it favours heavy soils, including clay, clay-loam and marl, being replaced by A. arvensis on lighter soils, but it can grow on light soils, including those over chalk. Lowland.



World Distribution

As an archaeophyte A. cotula has a European Southern-temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Arable and horticultural (includes orchards, excludes domestic gardens)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 809

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1103

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 49

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 6

Atlas Change Index: -1.6

Weighted Changed Factor: -31

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations