Anthyllis vulneraria

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaFabaceaeAnthyllisAnthyllis vulneraria

Ecology

A perennial herb of rock outcrops and open turf on S.-facing slopes, on free-draining neutral to base-rich, often calcareous, soils. On the coast it is found on sea-cliffs, shingle and sand dunes. It is increasing as an alien on roadsides. Generally lowland, but reaching 945 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Calcareous grassland (includes lowland and montane types)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1030

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1798

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 465

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 9

Atlas Change Index: 0.45

Weighted Changed Factor: -20

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

18

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003255