Aphanes arvensis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeAphanesAphanes arvensis


A winter- or, less frequently, spring-germinating annual of dry, basic to somewhat acidic soils in arable fields, bare patches in grassland and lawns, heaths and woodland rides, open ground in rough and waste places, gravel-pits and along railways. 0-610 m (Great Dun Fell, Westmorland).



World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 956

Height (cm): 10

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1608

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 432

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas Supp (33a)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.