Aphanes australis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeAphanesAphanes australis


A winter- or, less frequently, spring-germinating annual of acidic, sandy or gravelly soils in woodland rides, on sand dunes, in sand- and gravel-pits, on tracks and roadside verges; also found in dry rocky places. It tends to replace A. arvensis on less fertile and more acidic soils. Generally lowland, but reaching 380 m at Loch Lee, Glen Esk (Angus).



World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1070

Height (cm): 10

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1549

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 230

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

JNCC Designations