Armeria maritima

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPlumbaginaceaeArmeriaArmeria maritima

Ecology

A perennial herb of sea-cliffs, stone walls, stabilised shingle and saltmarshes. Inland, it grows on montane rock ledges, stony flushes and windswept moss-heaths, around old lead workings and other metalliferous mine wastes, and on riverside shingle. It also occurs inland beside salt-treated roads and as a garden escape. 0-1270 m (Ben Nevis, Westerness).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Circumpolar Wide-boreal element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1265

Height (cm): 15

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Chamaephyte

Comment on Life Form

basically a chamaephyte; it does not die back or attempt to hide

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1137

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 319

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.14

Weighted Changed Factor: -9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

12

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000456077