Atriplex littoralis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaChenopodiaceaeAtriplexAtriplex littoralis


An erect annual of open, usually sandy or silty places near the sea, often forming dense stands along saltmarsh drift-lines, estuarine banks and sea-walls, and on waste ground around docks. It also grows in saline areas inland, and as a colonist by salt-treated roads. Lowland.



World Distribution

Circumpolar Temperate element, with a disjunct distribution.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 4

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 822

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 362

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 36

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: 1.59

Weighted Changed Factor: 71

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


JNCC Designations


Atlas text references

Atlas (84a)
Bungard SJ, Leach S
1991.  Atriplex littoralis by the way. BSBI News. 59:11-12.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1980)
Leach SJ
1999.  Atriplex littoralis on inland roadsides. BSBI News. 81:36-37.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Taschereau (1985a)