Campanula rapunculus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCampanulaceaeCampanulaCampanula rapunculus

Ecology

A perennial herb found naturalised in rough grassland and on roadsides, railway banks and in quarries. It also occurs as a relic of cultivation. Reproduction is from seed and rhizome fragments. Lowland.

Status

Archaeophyte

World Distribution

C. rapunculus is a variable species with a European Southern-temperate distribution; it is naturalised in Europe north of its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 719

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Perennation - secondary

Biennial, including monocarpic perennials

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 109

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -2.16

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000004290